German Pinscher

Miniature Pinscher
Photo: Getty Images/Olga_Kotsareva

Quick Facts

  • Weight: 25 – 35 pounds
  • Height: 16 – 19 inches

The Look of a German Pinscher

German Pinschers have compact, medium-sized frames covered in short, smooth coats that usually come in red, fawn, brown & yellow and black & tan. Their long, flat heads have muscular cheeks, pointed muzzles, dark oval-shaped eyes and erect ears. They have thick but elegant necks that slope down to short, level backs and tails that are carried high. Overall, German Pinschers look tough yet refined.


  • Bold
  • Independent
  • Protective
  • Intelligent
  • Sociable

Ideal Human Companion

  • Experienced dog handlers
  • Families with older children
  • Outdoorsy types

What They Are Like to Live With

Bold, curious and independent, the German Pinscher needs proper training and socialization from an early age. It is highly intelligent, eager to learn and obedient—an excellent working buddy. Active and outgoing outdoors, social and cuddly indoors, the German Pinscher is adaptable and adventurous. It is watchful and protective of the home and family, making a compact and formidable watchdog.

Things You Should Know

German Pinschers can live as long as 14 years with relatively few genetic health problems. They are very easy to groom, needing only an occasional brushing. German Pinschers have lots of energy in reserve: Take them on daily walks, runs or jogs. They also like to run alongside a bike.

German Pinscher History

Developed to herd cattle, guard property and hunt rats, German Pinschers originated in Germany several hundred years ago. Used to develop several other breeds, including the Miniature Pinscher, Standard Schnauzer and Doberman Pinscher, the German Pinscher didn’t make its way to the United States until the late 1970s.

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