If it were up to your dog, he’d be on a steady diet of pizza and cheeseburgers. Since those things aren’t good for dogs, your job as a pet parent is to pick healthy food made especially for canines. Choosing a food brand can be daunting enough with all the different choices out there. And what about type of food? And then there’s canned versus dry — which should you pick? Let’s break things down by the best dog food for all life stages.
The best dog food to feed a puppy
When my Corgi, Nigel, was a puppy, I fed him the puppy food recommended by his breeder. It was a quality premium brand, and he liked it. He only ate dry kibble because his sensitive tummy couldn’t handle the canned version. Dry food has less moisture than canned, so Nigel was less likely to get loose stools with dry food.
Puppies are as different from dogs as human babies are from adults when it comes to what their digestive systems will tolerate. While Nigel had trouble with canned food, my parents’ Pomeranian, Monique, did great on canned food as a puppy.
Whether it’s dry or canned, what’s most important is that the food is made especially for puppies. “Puppies need more protein than adult dogs do,” said canine nutrition expert Mary Straus of DogAware.com, who added that, despite what some people think, high protein does not cause orthopedic problems in growing pups. “Too much calcium and overfeeding in general are the culprits there.”
The best dog food to feed a puppy is a food formulated especially for young dogs and to give the amount listed on the bag or can. Being a Corgi, Nigel would have eaten three times the recommended amount of food if I’d let him, but the result would have been an overweight puppy who may have developed joint problems. I had to deal with sad puppy eyes when he asked for more and I said no, but it was for his own good.
The best dog food to feed a growing dog
Dogs in the age range of 6 to 18 months are ready for adult dog food. They need a lot of energy at this age, so the best dog food to feed a dog this age is a quality food with a good amount of calories.
My friend, Jorge, feeds his 10-month-old German Shepherd Dog a premium-brand kibble for adult dogs. Hemi is a bundle of energy, and Jorge finds it hard to keep weight on him. Hemi gets a big helping of dry food twice a day and is still hungry all the time. Dogs his age are very active and are still growing, so they usually have big appetites.
For some owners of young, growing dogs, money can be an issue. That makes dry food a more obvious choice. “Dry food is almost always cheaper than canned food, providing a comparable number of calories,” Straus said. “This impacts owners of large dogs more than those with small dogs, who may also have trouble getting through a bag of kibble while it is still fresh.”
Luckily, dog food manufacturers usually offer kibble in different sized bags. You can find bags starting at 5 pounds all the way up to 50 for some brands. If you have a small dog, you should buy a smaller bag. You don’t want to store dry food for more than 30 days because it starts to lose its freshness.
The best dog food to feed an adult dog
My 6-year-old Australian Shepherd mix, Candy, has a slow metabolism. When I first adopted her from my local shelter, she was about 5 pounds overweight. She was probably eating kibble at her former home, and I’m sure that’s what she was getting at the shelter. To help her lose weight, I started her on a quality canned food. Canned food is generally lower in carbohydrates than dry food, and since Candy isn’t a very active dog, I thought putting her on a lower-carb diet would help her shed the pounds.
Of course I had to be careful with fat content, too. “Too much fat can lead to weight gain, especially in dogs who are not very active,” Strauss said. “If the amount fed must be strictly limited to prevent weight gain, this could contribute to nutritional deficiency, so I would reserve higher-fat foods for young, active dogs.”
After a few months of eating a measured amount of canned food, Candy dropped her extra 5 pounds. I then put her on a maintenance diet, which consists of both canned and dry food. She’s now at a good weight on this diet.
My friend Michelle, on the other hand, recently had to increase her Australian Cattle Dog’s food portions because Annabelle was a little too lean. After her vet referred to Annabelle as “a Victoria’s Secret model with no fat reserves to fall back on,” Michelle upped Annabelle’s kibble ration. Annabelle quickly gained about 2 pounds. She still has a lean body, but you can’t feel her ribs or hips anymore. So, the best dog food for an adult dog really depends on your individual dog!
The best dog food to feed a senior dog
My neighbor’s senior Dachshund, Maynard, has arthritis and some other health issues that mean paying special attention to what he eats. Not only are Maynard’s teeth not working really well these days, he also has a tendency toward a picky appetite. His owners feed him a brand of canned food that he really likes. The wet food is easy for him to chew, and it also gives him more water in his diet.
“The added moisture in canned foods may be beneficial for older dogs to help them stay hydrated,” said Straus, who pointed out that adding water to dry food can do the same. But in Maynard’s case, he doesn’t want dry food. He only wants canned. And at his advanced age of 16, Maynard gets what Maynard wants.
Once a dog gets to a certain age, giving him a quality food that he enjoys eating is the best approach, whether it’s canned or dry. “The question of canned or dry doesn’t have to be either/or,” Straus said. “It’s fine to feed both, either together or in separate meals, as long as it agrees with your dog.”
The best dog food to feed your dog on a fresh food diet
Straus said you can improve commercial diets of all kinds at any stage of your dog’s life by adding fresh foods to her diet, including:
- Lean meats
- Canned fish without bones (sardines, pink salmon, jack mackerel)
- Dairy (yogurt, kefir, cottage cheese)
- Fresh fruits and vegetables (as long as you stay away from grapes or raisins, which can cause kidney failure in dogs).
If you share some of these healthy foods with your dog, only give him a little bit as a top dressing on his dog food. Too much of a good thing can upset his stomach — and leave you wishing you’d stuck with dog food.
The bottom line on the best dog food
Every dog, regardless of age, is an individual with specific needs. The best way to find the best dog food for your canine is to continually consult with your vet.
Thumbnail: Photography by Jaromir Chalabala / Shutterstock.
This piece was originally published in 2015.
About the author:
An award-winning professional writer and editor, Audrey Pavia is a former managing editor of DOG FANCY magazine and former senior editor of the AKC Gazette. She is the author of The Labrador Retriever Handbook (Barrons) and has also written extensively on horses as well as other pets. She shares her home in Norco, California, with a rescue dog named Candy.
22 thoughts on “The Best Dog Food for All Life Stages”
There are some interesting cut-off dates on this article but I don’t know if I see all of them middle to heart. There is some validity but I will take maintain opinion till I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we want more! Added to FeedBurner as properly
dogster mean dog + hamster?
my puppy always bite me
today is gonna be a great day
oh that puppy is so cute
hi, anybody here?
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While I believe in the benefits of fresh raw diets (a philosophy that I don’t try to shove down other people throats), and feed that to my own pets, I do appreciate that this article points out that different life stages have different nutritional requirements.
Feeding guidelines, protein and fat are all factors that may need to be adjusted based on your dog’s age.
One crucial factor that I think was missed in the puppy, growth and senior sections is that all of these life stages have a higher requirement for EPA and DHA, omega three fatty acids. These are vital to the development and preservation of your dog’s cognitive functions, and they are typically added to life-stage-specific foods. I still recommend supplementing with most fish oils to ensure appropriate amounts.
All in all Audrey, thanks for the information and for sharing your knowledge.
This is a great article and it’s a real shame that people are being tricked into thinking that they have to feed their dogs all of the choicest cuts of meat! We are so wasteful of animals lives in this country and those animals are tortured and treated inhumanely just to die so we can throw away the by product or to put it another way the heart, lovers and other organs and the meats that still have some bone on it which will provide the dog calcium and phosphorus and is recommended by the raw in a raw food diet. Dog food isn’t fast food the decent dog food companies have spent their time and money on research to make sure they are giving your dog the vitamins and nutrients that will make it live a lot longer than the wolves do in the wild full of parasites and food poisoning! Oh for the good old days when dogs died young of uncured distemper and rabies so don’t have them vaccinated or feed them nutrients that they need! Life wasn’t wonderful before we had the knowledge and science to keep ourselves and our pets alive into old age people! And it’s not going to be wonderful if we waste our resources and throw away our antibiotics to make sure you have steak for fido while you’re kids die in a world of antibiotic resistant diseases!
Yes, I was wondering about the person who fed the dog chicken pork steak and fish every day, was spending. I thought to myself, wow, I can’t afford to eat that well myself. When I was a kid, I’d never heard about Parvo. Now people spend thousands to save their pets because it’s so prevalent. Everywhere there is advertisements for grain free, fresh food, no by-products, no preservatives, and fruits and vegetables that you just have to feed to fido. Thing is that fido lived a longer healthier live 20 years ago when we fed our dogs Old Roy and table scraps.
What a rubbish article, probably sponsored. How can you advertise a dead food like kibble with no enzymes. Dry food will damage the kidney and it is a defo killer for cats. Kibble is an equivalent of pizza and food from McDonald just rubbish. Not surprised that dogs keep dying youn of multiple illnesses. Put a fresh minced meat and stinky full of adictives from China kibble, lets see what our beloved canine choose. Unbelievable.
I give my blue heeler home cooked meals and dog food mixed, she loves apples and sweet potatoes.
I bake chicken breasts, steak, pork chops, and fish for my dog Cleo. I also thaw out frozen veggies and make brown rice for her. She usually gets the chicken and pork chops with rice for her breakfast. For her dinner, she gets steak and/or fish with a veggie. I put all the food in container and place in the refrigerator. When it is time for her to eat, she gets a cup of her dry dog food mixed with either her breakfast or dinner. She gets fresh water with ice cubes twice a day. She does get snacks of cheese, yogurt and sometimes peanut butter. She also gets her dog bones and other dog treats to chew on for her teeth and just to gnaw on. She also goes for a 2-mile walk almost every day but at least 3 times a week.
This is how I feed my blue heeler most of the time. She loves it. Dogs love apples without the seeds and raw sweet potatoes too.
What is your feedback regarding Pure Vita Holistic Pet Foods. Grain Free Dog Foods. My dog loves it.
Dry food is not good for dogs or cats. It is highly processed and changes the microbiome in the GI tract and causes obesity.
Canned food is good, but meat should be the first ingredient. Not meat-by products.
Also, pet food labels tell us nothing. They give the minimum amount of protein and fat.
Wht not the maximum?
There’s a lot to learn about quality pet foods. Home cooked meals are the best diet you can feed your pet. Ask a holistic veterinarian for advice.
Thank you so much for all the wonderful info. you provide for our pets. Leyla and Roberta Marie( mixed terrier and owner.)
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In a lot of ways this is a sad article.. I’m amazed how people can think that feeding processed rubbish is actually good for them. I wonder if the shoe was on the other foot, how different things would be!
Such a shame people are blind
I totally agree with you